The collections at Loggia explore select areas of study in art and art history, architecture and design, the decorative arts, industrial design, and classical studies such as Greek, Roman, and Celtic mythology.

Gardner's Art Through the Ages

This book is the classic reference for the study of art. It features a history of artists and their works, as well as lucid and engaging descriptions of the styles and periods of art history. Highly recommended for both students and scholars.



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Art Speak - 19th Century Art

avant-garde | from the French "vanguard", this term refers to art that is experimental or new; the word is often used to describe innovative Nineteenth century artists who broke with tradition

en plein air | this French phrase translates as "in the open air", and it is used to describe the act of painting outdoors; many Impressionist artists painted en plein air

historicism | in the Nineteenth century, many artists looked to the art of the past for inspiration - this trend was dubbed historicism

japonisme | the term japonisme is used to describe a Nineteenth century style that was influenced by the appearance of Japanese art (especially Japanese prints)

mural | painting on a wall; French artist Pierre Puvis de Chavannes is known for his magnificent mural paintings

odalisque | an exotic word that refers to a female slave or concubine; the French painter J.A.D. Ingres, for example, is famous for his provocative images of odalisques

painterly | a style of painting in which the strokes of the brush are emphasized; an example of the painterly style can be found in the works of Vincent van Gogh

Prix de Rome | this prestigious prize was awarded by the French Academy to artists, and it enabled the recipient to study in Rome for four years

Salon | the official venue for displaying French art in the Nineteenth century was the Salon

Gardner's Art Through the Ages

This classic art history reference book features a comprehensive glossary of art terms and techniques, from abacus to zoomorphism. Whether you are interested in ancient art or modernism - or anything in between - the glossary in Gardner's is a great introduction to Art Speak!