| art history
| 19th c.
19th Century Art Styles
Scholars and art historians have noted that the Nineteenth century was a time of "isms". This clever remark refers to the many movements, periods, and styles popular during the years between 1800 and 1899. Artists played with styles and ideas during this fruitful time, from Romanticism and Realism to Post Impressionism and Symbolism. Learn more about these styles - and the artists who made them famous - in the following section.
| The paintings of Eugene Delacroix embody the spirit of Romanticism in the visual arts - they are passionate, rich in color, and dynamic; but other artists developed their own Romantic styles as well...
| As depictions of reality became more popular in literature, so too the visual arts reflected this desire to portray the "real world". Gustave Courbet was a champion of Realism in painting.
| Dante Gabriel Rossetti, William Morris, and Edward Burne-Jones are three artists who were associated with this influential 19th century art movement.
| The Impressionist artists are a diverse group - learn why painters as different as Edouard Manet, Claude Monet, and Pierre-Auguste Renoir were all referred to as Impressionists in this section.
| This group features an interesting - and eclectic - collection of artists, including Paul Gauguin, Vincent van Gogh, Pierre Bonnard, and Paul Cézanne.
| This art movement drew inspiration from literature and poetry, but also relied heavily on the use of symbolic meaning - see how artists such as Odilon Redon and Gustave Moreau incorporated symbols into their works.
| Artists such as Gustav Klimt, J.A.D. Ingres, Lord Leighton, Lawrence Alma-Tadema, John William Waterhouse, and James McNeill Whistler demonstrate the diversity of art in the Nineteenth century.
| Definitions of the terms, techniques, and miscellaneous jargon used in describing 19th century art are available in the Art Speak section - think of it as your personal art history guide!
| This section features recommended books devoted to art and art appreciation, artists, and art history. It also includes reviews of selected art books.
The Art Book
This book is sure to enhance any art lover's library. Stunning color images grace the pages, and every picture is accompanied by a concise description of each featured work and artist.
Masterworks: 19th Century
Experience the beauty and grandeur of Nineteenth Century art masterpieces by looking at this gallery of compelling images.