The collections at Loggia explore select areas of study in art and art history, architecture and design, the decorative arts, industrial design, and classical studies such as Greek, Roman, and Celtic mythology.

Gardner's Art Through the Ages

This book is the classic reference for the study of art. It features a history of artists and their works, as well as lucid and engaging descriptions of the styles and periods of art history. Highly recommended for both students and scholars.



home | art | art history | ancient | greece | classical | Parthenon Sculptures

Parthenon Sculptures

name | Three Goddesses, detail

from | East Pediment, Parthenon

artist | Phidias

period | Classical (Ancient Greek Art)

date | 5th century BC

In the city of Athens, the ancient Athenians dedicated an awe-inspiring monument to their patron goddess, Athena. This was the temple known as the Parthenon (named after one of the epithets of the goddess - Parthenos).

This work of architecture featured a magnificent frieze that depicted gods and humans. In one section of the frieze, the gods of Olympus were portrayed, carved in shallow relief, their graceful forms emerging from the face of the marble. These gods and goddesses appear to be watching the human spectacle taking place in the remainder of the frieze.

On either end of the temple, there are pediments that also depict important Athenian myths. One is the contest between Athena and the sea god Poseidon over the city of Athens. The other depicts the birth of Athena, as she springs from the head of her father, Zeus.

The sculptural reliefs on the Parthenon all tell a story, about the people of Athens and their aspirations, and also their relationship with the deities who watched over them from the peaks of Mt. Olympus. These stories are the myths of ancient Greece, and they continued to inspire us even today.

Learn more about the gods Athena, Poseidon, and Zeus at Mythography.

Art and Experience in Classical Greece

Professor J.J. Pollitt puts the Classical period in perspective, using dynamic descriptions of some of the most memorable works from this time of artistic brilliance. There is a lucid discussion of the Parthenon in this book, with images to illustrate the text.

Greek Art

This beautifully illustrated book (from the Phaidon Art and Ideas series and written by Nigel Spivey) covers the subject of ancient Greek art brilliantly.