Bellona in Roman Mythology
Bellona was a goddess of war in Roman mythology. Although this goddess did not play a significant role in either myth or legend, she was important enough in Roman religion to be honored with her own temple. This temple of Bellona was located in the Campus Martius (which was, of course, in the ancient city of Rome) and was situated in close proximity to the altar of Mars.
The location of the temple of Bellona relative to the altar of Mars deserves a bit more explanation, for the placement of these two monuments seems not to be a random accident, but rather reveals a deeper relationship between the Roman goddess and god. For the ancient Romans sometimes identified Bellona with Mars (Mars, remember, was the Roman god of war). Both Bellona and Mars were intimately involved with war and battles, so this identification is quite natural. Indeed, some sources even went so far as to conflate Bellona with Nerio (Nerio was the wife of Mars in Roman mythology).
Bellona was often identified in mythology with the Greek war goddess Enyo.
Who's Who in Classical Mythology
This book is a great source for information about Greek and Roman mythology! Organized alphabetically, this who's who features information about over 1200 of the most intriguing characters from Classical myth and legend.
The stories of Classical myth come to life in Bulfinch's book. This edition also features legends from other cultures.
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