The Chthonic deities inhabited the opposite realm from the Olympians
- the Earth or the Underworld (chthon
means earth in Greek). These immortals therefore acquired a slightly more dark and shadowy aspect than their bright Olympian counterparts. Nevertheless, the following gods had their place in the Greek pantheon, for they fulfilled certain fundamental needs, including providing an explanation for what happens to mortals after death.
Erinyes (Furiae) |
also known as Furies, these were female spirits who exacted vengeance against those who committed specific crimes
Keres were female spirits of death and destruction in ancient Greece
Hades (Pluto) |
god of the Underworld and ruler of the dead; husband of Persephone
Hekate (Trivia) |
goddess of magic; an alternate spelling of her name is Hecate
Persephone (Proserpina) |
goddess of the Underworld and wife of Hades; also known as Kore (the maiden)
god of death
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The Oxford Classical Dictionary
Who's Who in Classical Mythology
This book is a great source for information about Greek and Roman mythology! Organized alphabetically, this who's who features information about over 1200 of the most intriguing characters from Classical myth and legend.
The stories of Classical myth come to life in Bulfinch's book. This edition also features legends from other cultures.
Do you have a specific question about Greek, Roman, and Celtic mythology? Then try the Mythography forum!
The Oxford Classical Dictionary offers one of the most comprehensive studies of ancient Greece and Rome.