Hera, the queen of the Olympian gods, appears both in the Iliad and the Odyssey of Homer, as was previously noted. In these two epics, the identity of Hera is codified, in that her personality is revealed in a series of events. Perhaps the most compelling of these epic episodes is the scene in the Iliad where Hera manipulates her husband Zeus. Here, the goddess does indeed employ her feminine wiles and beauty to accomplish her goals. A summary of this story follows.
Hera, wishing to influence the outcome of the war between the Greeks and Trojans, realized that she must in some way distract Zeus from monitoring the battle (you see, the Olympian gods were meddling in the affairs of the humans involved in the Trojan War, much to the annoyance of Zeus). So the goddess devised a plan - she decided that she must seduce her husband. After the seduction was accomplished, Zeus would fall sleep, and she and the other gods would then be free to interfere.
In order to achieve her goal, Hera engages in some serious preening, which the poet Homer delights in describing in detail. Then, gilding the lily, the queen of the gods asks the goddess of love if she can borrow Aphrodite's powers of Love and Desire. Hera deceives Aphrodite, however, by claiming that she would use these invincible powers to end a quarrel between the Titans. Aphrodite, apparently fooled, agrees, and lends Hera her magic girdle. Thus armed, Hera proceeds with her scheme. She cleverly attempts to enlist the assistance of Hypnos, the god of Sleep. But Hypnos, who has interfered in the affairs of the Olympians before, hesitates. That is, until Hera offers him one of the comely Graces as a bride - with this incentive, how could the god refuse? In a deft bit of description, Homer then relates how the pair of deities travel together to find Zeus, and upon reaching him, how Hypnos transforms himself into a songbird while Hera begins the seduction of her husband.
The goddess Hera was known as Juno in Roman mythology.
Hera in Art History
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A new headdress white as the sun she took to veil her glory, and on her smooth feet tied her beautiful sandals. Exquisite and adorned from head to foot Hera left her chamber.