Explore mythology and art with information about the classic stories of heroes and gods...from the myths of ancient Greece and Rome, to the legends of the Celts. Mythography presents resources and reference materials about mythology - including recommended books, and lexicons that explain Greek, Roman, and Celtic terms.

Gardner's Art Through the Ages

This book is the classic reference for the study of art. It features a history of artists and their works, as well as lucid and engaging descriptions of the styles and periods of art history. Highly recommended for both students and scholars.

Aphrodite in Art
Aphrodite in Myth
Art Themes

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Zeus and Metis in Myth
Metis was the divine personification of thought or counsel in Greek mythology. In addition, Metis also represented wisdom, and her reputation for being wise was recognized and respected by mortals and immortals alike in literature, myth, and poetry. So let us now learn more about Metis and her legendary contributions to the stories of ancient Greece.

The poet Hesiod revealed the identity of the parents and siblings of Metis in a portion of a beautiful passage of his Theogony:

"Metis, Eurynome, and saffron-robed Telesto,
These are the eldest daughters born to Tethys and Okeanos."

According to Hesiod, Metis is therefore the daughter of the Titans Okeanos (Oceanus) and Tethys. Her sisters, who are called Oceanids in honor of their father, include such famous mythological figures as Doris, Calypso, Styx, Perseis, and Tyche.

The Theogony also features an informative and detailed description of how Metis came to be the first consort of the Olympian god Zeus and the mother of the goddess Athena:

"Zeus, king of the gods, took as his first wife Metis,
a mate wiser than all gods and mortal men.
But when she was about to bear gray-eyed Athena,
then through the schemes of Gaia and starry Ouranos,
he deceived the mind of Metis with guile
and coaxing words, and lodged her in his belly.
Such was their advice, so that of the immortals
none other than Zeus would hold kingly sway.
It was fated that Metis would bear keen-minded children,
first a gray-eyed daughter, Tritogeneia,
who in strength and wisdom would be her father's match,
and then a male child, high-mettled
and destined to rule over gods and men.
But Zeus lodged her in his belly before she did all this, that she might advise him in matters of good and bad."

After Zeus swallowed Metis, he gained some of her powers of wisdom. And since Metis was obviously pregnant with a daughter at the time, it also became the responsibility of Zeus to give birth to their child. Eventually, the wise goddess Athena emerged from her father's head and took her place among the exalted group of Greek deities known as the Olympians.

Who's Who in Classical Mythology

Who's Who in Classical Mythology

This book is a great source for information about Greek and Roman mythology! Organized alphabetically, this who's who features information about over 1200 of the most intriguing characters from Classical myth and legend.

Bulfinch's Mythology

Bulfinch's Mythology

The stories of Classical myth come to life in Bulfinch's book. This edition also features legends from other cultures.

Mythography Forums

Mythography Forums

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