Michelangelo Caravaggio, born as Michelangelo Merisi on this day in ca. 1573, is perhaps best known for his early 17th century paintings that reflect a dramatic sense of realism and light. His works, such as Doubting Thomas (1599), utilized the technique of chiaroscuro to create dramatic contrasts between light and dark. Caravaggio's use of chiaroscuro to partially illuminate his subjects in contrast to a darkened background, influenced many of his contemporaries as well as generations of painters that followed.
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